Classification And Application Of Functional Clothing

What is useful clothing? All clothing is known to perform multiple functions – from aesthetic to basic security from the elements. ‘Functional clothing’ can therefore be defined as a generic term which includes all such types of clothing or assemblies that are specifically built to provide a pre-defined performance or functionality to an individual, in addition to its normal functions. Functional clothing is a relatively new and fascinating segment of the specialized textiles group – the one that is receptive to new product developments & systems and abounding with market applications. Functional clothing is thought as that specifically designed and constructed to ensure predefined performance requirements and efficiency for an individual.

This includes security under severe environmental conditions during work or activities and safety against extreme risks and environments. It may likewise incorporate clothing for use in monitoring and analyzing hazards in conditions under which typical everyday seasonal clothing wouldn’t normally be sufficient. The functionalities required of clothing can be quite different, depending on the end-use.

Functional clothing has broadly application, it includes medication, biotechnology, nanotechnology, processing and physics amongst others, to meet the complex and multifaceted requirements of an individual. A variety of functional clothing products can be purchased in the market as protective clothing, medical clothing or sports clothing. Only a few examples of more widely-used functional clothing are shown here, as the certain area is complicated and wide.

Clothing for special needs. The performance of textile materials can be used in describing functional clothing frequently. In the case of activity clothing, this user-requirement is usually specific and complex. Some key areas for the use of functional clothing will be presented with regard to the above mentioned classification. Protective clothing can be explained as clothing including those protectors which cover or replace personal clothing and which are made to provide security against a number of hazards.

Particular clothing may be made to provide security against hazards experienced during specific types of work. Examples include garments providing protection against cuts, abrasion, other and ballistic types of severe impact, including stab-wounds and explosions, open fire and extreme heat, hazardous particles and dust, nuclear, natural and chemical hazards, high voltages, static electricity and extreme chilly. High-visibility wear comes into this category.

Protection clothing defends against extreme high temperature or cold, fire, rain, snow, dirt, uV or wind exposure, epidermis or penetration contact of hazardous chemicals, harmful gases, body fluids, bacteria or radioactive particulate matter. 2. Protection against physical injury (abrasion, perforation, slashes, bites): Protective clothing again scratching, protecting clothing against perforation, cut resistant protective clothing. Sports-functional clothing differs from casual clothing in that it has features which enhance functionality often. Sports clothing takes a high-level of breathability and moisture/vapour transfer coupled with heat insulation and/or wind-proofing, waterproofing, and UV protection.

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In many applications, functionality must be considered in conjunction with interactions between bodily activity, clothing, and the surroundings. Running: Women’s working clothing (light-weight performance in an athletic design), Men’s working clothing (lightweight performance in an athletic design), Skintight garment. Skiing: Ski suit, snowsuit, Jumpsuit (two-piece, in the form of a ski jacket and coordinating trousers), Racing suit, Cross-country equipment, Ski coat. This category refers to practical clothing for healthcare.

Characteristics typically include absorbency (wound-dressing), air permeability (surgeons’ gowns, personnel uniforms) and durability (pressure clothing). Healthcare/hygiene and operative clothing are important areas in the areas of medicine and surgery. They may be found in operating theatres and on hospital wards for the care, hygiene, and security of patients and staff. Therapeutic clothing includes pressure clothing and clothing designed specifically to aid in reducing the risk of infection. Intelligent functional clothing is a comparatively new and specific area in medical-functional clothing.